Glaucoma cannot be cured. If you have this condition, you will generally need treatment for the rest of your life. Glaucoma is treated by lowering the eye pressure (intraocular pressure).
Depending on your situation, your options may include prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser treatment, surgery or a combination of any of these.
Treatment with eye drop requires daily instillations. Various types of molecules can be used and some-times used in combination.
Laser treatment will differ according to the type of glaucoma. In case of angle-closure glaucoma, whether in its acute or chronic form, a laser procedure called iridotomy can be performed.
Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a laser treatment if you have open-angle glaucoma. This outpatient procedure is performed with an SLT laser to open clogged channels in the trabecular meshwork.
A new laser option is available for advanced and refractory glaucoma. This operating room procedure uses a non-thermal laser that will decrease the production of aqueous humour and improve its drainage. In case your eye doesn’t reply to laser procedures or eye drops, surgical procedures can be proposed by your ophthalmologist. A filtering surgical procedure called trabeculectomy can be performed. Small drainage devices such as tubes or MIGS (minimally invasive glaucoma surgery) can be inserted in the eye to drain away excess fluid and lower the eye pressure.